Maria de Lurdes Mutola (born October 27, 1972) is a retired female track and field athlete from Mozambique who has specialized in the 800 metres. She was born in Maputo, hence the nickname of “The Maputo Express”. She is the fourth athlete to compete at six Olympic Games. She is a three-time world champion in this event and a one-time Olympic champion.
She is the only athlete ever to hold Olympic, World, World indoor, Commonwealth, Continental Games and Continental Championships titles in the same event.
Mutola was born in the Chamanculo district of Maputo. Her father was employed by the railways and her mother was a market vendor. As a young girl she excelled in football. She played with boys, as there were no leagues or teams for girls. In 1988, at only fifteen years of age, she was encouraged to take up athletics by one of Mozambique’s foremost literary figures, the poet Jose Craveirinha, who was a keen sports fan. His son Stelio, himself a former national long jump record holder, was Mutola’s first coach. Not used to the intensive training, Mutola initially decided that running was not for her, but was persuaded to continue when it became obvious that she had immense potential. After a visit to Portugal, plans were made for her to join the Benfica athletics club, but at the last minute the Mozambique government denied her permission. That year, after only a few months’ training, she won a silver medal in the 800 m at the African Championships, before competing in the 1988 Summer Olympics. She ran a personal best time of 2:04.36, but finished last in her first round heat. Mutola was still only fifteen years old.
Over the next few years Mutola failed to improve on her best time, but still won gold at the African Championships in Cairo in 1990. She faced little opposition in Mozambique and only trained properly in the run-up to big competitions. Attempts were made to organise scholarships for her to train abroad, but it was not until 1991 that, thanks to an International Olympic Committee Solidarity Program, she went to Oregon, USA to study and train. Springfield High School was the host school, due to the fact that there was a Portuguese-speaking staff member (Mutola spoke no English). She surprised many by finishing 4th in the final of the 1991 IAAF World Championships in Athletics in Tokyo, where her time of 1:57.63 constituted a World Junior Record. Mutola lost out on a medal because she was severely impeded, elbowed twice by Ella Kovacs as she tried to pass in the final few metres. Kovacs fell across the line ahead of Mutola, reaching out and tripping race winner Lilia Nurutdinova as well. A protest was lodged but it was unsuccessful.
At the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona there were great hopes for Mutola to win Mozambique’s first Olympic medal. She ran strongly but faded badly in the home straight, eventually finishing fifth behind eventual winner Ellen van Langen. At the same Games, Mutola ran her only 1500 m at an international championship, placing 9th in the final. She also won the IAAF World Cup 800 m and was the only person to beat Ellen van Langen throughout the whole year.
Over the next few years, Mutola dominated the 800 m event, winning the 800 m title at the 1993 and 1995 IAAF World Indoor Championships in Athletics and the 1993 IAAF World Championships in Athletics. At the latter event, held in Stuttgart she won by over two seconds, the biggest ever winning margin in an international women’s 800 m final. A favourite for the world outdoor title in 1995 as well, she was disqualified in her semi final for stepping outside of her lane. Some consolation came at the Memorial van Damme meeting a few weeks after the championships, when she broke the world record for 1000 m, becoming the first woman ever to run the distance in less than two and a half minutes. She also went on to break the world indoor record for 1000 m.
Her immense success and her total domination of the event during this period can be attributed to the guidance that she has received since 1991 from Margo Jennings. Jennings was a track coach at Springfield High School and continued to coach Mutola, even when she had relocated from Oregon to Johannesburg to escape the high pollen count. Jennings faxes Mutola’s training schedules to her in South Africa, and has also coached other world class 800 m runners like Kelly Holmes, Namibian athlete Agnes Samaria and Tina Paulino, who is actually a distant relative of Mutola’s.
At the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Mutola was a hot favourite for the gold, as she hadn’t been beaten in an 800 m final since 1992 and her winning streak stretched to over forty 800 m and 1000 m finals. However, suffering from the flu, she ended up finishing third behind major surprise winner Svetlana Masterkova and Ana Quirot. The Russians had also used team tactics with Masterkova’s teammate and Britain’s Kelly Holmes working to box in both Quirot and Mutola with Masterkova in front, leaving them too much ground to make up near the end. Later in 1996 Mutola lost her world 1000 m record to Masterkova in a hard fought head to head duel.
Mutola is known as the complete package as an 800-metre runner. She has tremendous strength, and would turn in numerous impressive 1500 metre performances through her career. She had blazing speed, and a very strong finishing kick. She also was a smart and calculated tactical racer, who understood her competitors and their strengths and weaknesses well, and how to position herself throughout a race. She was comfortable running and winning races from either the front or the back. Most of all she had an unwavering determination to win, rarely ever matched in women’s middle distance running.
Mutola is often ranked as one of the greatest female 800 m runners of all time, and to some even the best. She has not gained a world record, but her consistency, her record at major championships and her ability to compete at the highest levels of the sport for well over a decade are unmatched. (The 2008 Olympics were her sixth successive Olympics.) She does however have a 0-4 record against her biggest career rival Ana Quirot in World and Olympic competition, and surprisingly never managed to break 1:55, something Ana managed on 3 occasions.
Mutola won bronze in the 1997 IAAF World Championships in Athletics and silver in 1999. She also won the IAAF World Indoor Championships in Athletics in 1997, only weeks after her father had been killed in a car accident. She raced wearing a black ribbon and dedicated the victory to his memory. In total she has won nine world 800 m titles, including both indoor and outdoor championships. She won the Commonwealth Games twice, after Mozambique was admitted to the Commonwealth in 1995, and has also won the IAAF World Cup event, representing the Africa team, four times consecutively.
Her greatest moment, though, came at the Sydney Olympics in 2000, when Mutola finally won Olympic gold. She beat her major rival Stephanie Graf and Kelly Holmes. She returned to Mozambique after her Olympic victory, huge crowds came to cheer her and a road was named after her in Maputo.
She continued her successes in the 2001 season, grabbing the world title in Edmonton and again in 2003 in Paris. It was widely felt that Mutola ran tactically during the 2003 race by setting a slow pace in order to aid her training partner Kelly Holmes. As a result of such a strategy Holmes was able to take silver. Mutola was unbeaten throughout 2003 and grabbed the headlines again that year, at the Memorial van Damme race in Belgium. By winning here, it meant that she became sole winner of the IAAF one million dollar jackpot, awarded to athletes who remained undefeated during the IAAF Golden League series of competitions. She put part of her winnings towards the foundation that she had established in her name in Mozambique.
Aiming to become the first woman to successfully defend the Olympic 800 m title in 2004, her fifth Olympics, Mutola ended up finishing fourth, and out of the medals. Despite carrying a hamstring injury, Mutola was in the gold medal position until the final few metres, when three athletes passed her, including the eventual champion, her former training partner Kelly Holmes. In 2005 her injuries were still lingering and she suffered several losses to opponents she would normally easily beat. Mutola initially finished fourth in the 800 m at the 2005 World Championships in Helsinki; third-place winner Tatyana Andrianova was disqualified for a doping violation in 2015, giving the bronze medal retroactively to Mutola.
She parted amicably with her coach Margo Jennings, before returning to good form in 2006, when she won the World Indoor title for a record seventh time.
At the 2007 IAAF World Championships, Mutola was in contention for a medal entering into the home straight, but pulled out of the race in the dying metres.
In 2008, the 800 metres African record held by Mutola, was beaten by the young Pamela Jelimo of Kenya. Mutola had decided that the 2008 Olympic Games would be her last major championships, and she finished fifth in the 800 metres Olympic final. She publicly called an end to her 21-year-long athletics career at the Weltklasse Zürich meeting immediately after the Olympics. She finished fourth with a run of 1:58.71 in the 800 m, again behind Jelimo, who completed a symbolic feat by beating Mutola’s meet record which had stood since 1994.
Her appearance at the 2008 Olympics made her only the fourth Track & Field athlete to compete at six Olympics, after Lia Manoliu (discus), Tessa Sanderson (javelin/heptathlon), and seven-time Olympian Merlene Ottey (sprints). Angolan middle/long-distance runner João N’Tyamba also made his sixth Olympic appearance in 2008.
She was appointed an honorary United Nations youth ambassador in 2003 at a ceremony in Maputo, in recognition of her outstanding athletic achievements. Other youth ambassadors are musician Baaba Maal and basketball star Dikembe Mutombo. She cited the importance of raising awareness of HIV/AIDS issues amongst young people in Africa and also highlighted the benefits that sport can bring to young people. Indeed, her Lurdes Mutola Foundation aims to bring more young Mozambicans to sport and to assist in helping them achieve their sporting and educational potential. Other initiatives that Mutola and her Foundation have been involved in include a Ministry of Health / UNICEF immunisation campaign against measles and polio and housing development initiatives in Maputo. Even before the establishment of the Foundation, she had played an active role in supporting sport in Maputo. She gave financial support that allowed an artificial track to be constructed on the sports ground at which she had originally trained as a fifteen-year-old. She also authorised the sale of T-shirts that featured her image, profits from which went towards helping the Grupo Desportivo de Maputo out of financial difficulty.
At the 2006 Winter Olympics she was one of the eight Olympic flag bearers at the Opening Ceremony.
After retiring from athletics she returned to her first sporting love, football. She played for Mamelodi Sundowns team in the South African women’s league. In 2011 she was captain of the Mozambique women’s national football team at the All-Africa Games in Maputo.
In 2012 she coached South African runner Caster Semenya to a silver medal at the Olympic Games in London.
Sources : Wikipedia
Pamela Jelimo (born 5 December 1989) is a Kenyan middle-distance runner, specialising in the 800 metres. She won the gold medal in this event at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing at the age of 18. She is the first Kenyan woman to win an Olympic gold medal and also the first Kenyan to win the Golden League Jackpot. She holds both the 800 m world junior record and the senior African record over the same distance. Jelimo is also one of the youngest women to win an Olympic gold medal for Kenya.
Pamela Jelimo was born in Kiptamok village, Nandi District, Rift Valley Province. Her mother, Esther Cheptoo Keter, was a promising 200 metres and 400 metres runner, but the customs of the Nandi tribe meant that as the last-born daughter she could not marry and had to care for her parents in their old age. However, she was allowed to bear children to different men; thus, Jelimo was raised by her mother in a family of three brothers and six sisters. Jelimo began running in 2003, aged 13, at Koyo Secondary in the Kaptumo division, near Kapsabet. She quickly established herself as an accomplished athlete, winning at schools’ championships in the 100 metres, 200 m, 400 m, 800 metres, 400 metres hurdles and heptathlon. Her high school games teacher Philip Ng’eno remarked that she used to compete with the boys in sprint events as the girls did not provide the competition she needed.
The family was poor and struggled to pay the fees to send Jelimo to secondary school — her two older siblings had already dropped out as they were unable to meet the costs. She refused to quit and began selling milk from the family cattle to pay her fees, traversing steep slopes on foot to sell it at Chemase market. The school headmaster Daniel Maru donated money for track suits and running shoes so that Jelimo could attend Kenya’s centre of excellence for distance running. By 2004, Jelimo had reached the local provincial championships in the 400 m. Maru continued his generosity, allowing the young athlete to graduate while she still owed one year’s worth of fees. Still, her mother was forced to sell her last cow so Jelimo could take her exams.Her family always supported her education.
In June 2007 she finished fifth in the 400 metres race at the Kenyan Championships with a time of 55.82 seconds. She kept improving throughout the season, winning the 400 metres gold medal at the African Junior Championships with a finish of 54.93 s and setting a Kenyan national junior record in the 200 m with 24.68 s. Jelimo was pleased with her accomplishments but her new coach Zaid Kipkemboi Aziz suggested that she change to 800 m, stating that she would perform best over the longer distance. She began working for the Kenyan police force and was training with fellow Kenyan runner Janeth Jepkosgei.
Jelimo ran her first 800 metres race on 19 April 2008 at the Kenyan trials for the African championships, clocking 2:01.02 minutes. Despite her budding athletics career, she continued to work at the Embu Police station as a police constable, earning KSh 11000 a month (roughly 100 €).
She made her breakthrough at the 2008 African Championships in Athletics aged 18. Her time, 1:58.70, was a new national junior record. On 25 May 2008 she won 800 metres at the Hengelo Grand Prix event and set a new Junior World Record of 1:55.76. The previous record (1:57.18) was set by Yuan Wang of China in 1993. It was also a new Kenyan record, previously held by Janeth Jepkosgei (1:56.04 in 2007). On 1 June 2008 she ran an impressive 800 m race in Berlin and won the ISTAF Golden League in 1:54.99, a new African record. The previous African record (1:55.19) was set by Maria Mutola in 1994.
On 18 July 2008 she bettered the record slightly to 1:54.97 in Paris. It was also her fourth consecutive win in ÅF Golden League, where she was one of only two remaining jackpot contenders, the other being high jumper Blanka Vlašić. On 18 August 2008 Jelimo won gold in the 800 metres at the Beijing Olympics. Her time was 1:54.87, again a record. She became the first Kenyan woman to win an Olympic gold medal.
She continued her unbeaten streak by winning the Weltklasse Golden League meeting in Zurich on 29 August 2008 improving her personal best to 1:54.01. This is the third fastest performance ever, behind Nadezhda Olizarenko and the world record of Jarmila Kratochvílová. At the Memorial van Damme competition in Brussels, the ÅF Golden League final, Jelimo won the 800 metres with a time of 1:55.16. As the only athlete to win the same event at all six Golden League meetings, she won the competition’s jackpot of $1,000,000. The only other remaining, Blanca Vlasic, failed to win the last event. She is the first Kenyan to win Golden League jackpot.
She crowned her unbeaten season by winning her race at the 2008 IAAF World Athletics Final. After the event she returned to Kenya for the first time since the Olympic trials and was welcomed by major festivities. On 18 September 2008 in Kapsabet Town, a street – Pamela Jelimo Street – was named in her honour.
Jelimo was shortlisted for the IAAF World Athlete of the Year women’s category alongside Yelena Isinbayeva and Tirunesh Dibaba, but the award was won by Isinbayeva. Jelimo was awarded the IAAF Revelation of the Year Award and the 2008 Kenyan Sportswoman of the Year Award.
She missed the 2009 indoor season due to achilles strain developed while training. Instead, she started her season in April at the Athletics Kenya meeting in Kakamega, running 200 and 1500 metres races for training purposes. On 23 May she ran her first 800 metres race of the year at the Meeting International Mohammed VI in Rabat, Morocco, finishing sixth (time 2:02.46) – it was the first 800 m race that she did not win. Two weeks later she finished last at the Prefontaine Classic meeting in Eugene, Oregon. Due to these dismal results, she concentrated on training for over a month. She successfully returned to track by winning the Heusden-Zolder meeting on 18 July running under two minutes (1:59.59).
She competed at the 2009 World Championships but did not finish her semi-final.
Jelimo returned to competition in April 2010, winning the 800 metres race at the Athletic Kenya meeting in Nakuru. She finished 8th at the Diamond League meeting in Shanghai, China.[She failed to qualify for the 2010 African Championships held in Nairobi.
At the 2011 Prefontaine Classic she finished last in the 800 metres race, timing 2:09.12, almost nine seconds behind the second last runner, Jemma Simpson. It was Jelimo’s best time of the season recorded by IAAF.
Jelimo had a promising start for the 2012 season finishing second behind Malika Akkaoui of Morocco in an indoor meeting at Lievin, France, running a Kenyan indoor record of 1:59.10 seconds. Her indoor season was crowned by gold medal at the 2012 World Indoor Championships in Istanbul, Turkey, improving her time to 1:58.83 seconds. She was almost a second ahead of the silver medallist Nataliia Lupu of Ukraine.
She began the outdoor season with a win at the Doha 2012 Diamond League meeting in a meeting record time of 1:56.94 minutes. She was beaten by Fantu Magiso at the Golden Gala, but was victorious at the Kenyan trials and then set a world-leading time of 1:56.76 at the KBC Night of Athletics.
At the 2012 Olympics, Jelimo finished in fourth place. In November 2015, the World Anti-Doping Agency recommended two Russian women who finished in first and third be given lifetime bans for their doping violations at the Olympics. The International Olympic Committee has not yet issued any disqualifications. If the IOC does disqualify the two athletes and advances the other finishers, Jelimo could be awarded the silver medal.
Jelimo married Peter Kiprotich Murrey, who is also an 800 metres runner, in late 2007. They could not afford a grand wedding and instead had a simple civil ceremony. The marriage was not revealed in public until December 2008.
|July 2007||200 metres||Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso||24.68 secs|
|26 June 2008||400 metres||Nairobi, Kenya||52.78 secs|
|29 August 2008||800 metres||Zürich, Switzerland||1:54.01 mins|
|17 April 2009||1500 metres||Kakamega, Kenya||4:19.31 mins|
Correct as of 10 October 2008. All information from IAAF profile.
|2007||African Junior Championships||Ougadougou, Burkina Faso||3rd||200 m|
|2008||African Championships||Addis Ababa, Ethiopia||1st||800 m||1:58.70|
|2nd||4 × 400 m relay||3:37.67|
|Olympic Games||Beijing, China||1st||800 m||1:54.82|
|World Athletics Final||Stuttgart, Germany||1st||800 m|
|2009||World Championships||Berlin, Germany||20th (h)||800 m||2:03.50|
|2012||World Indoor Championships||Istanbul, Turkey||1st||800 m||1:58.83|
|Olympic Games||London, United Kingdom||4th||800 m||1:57.59|
Sourcres : Wikipedia
Samuel Matete (born 27 July 1968 in Chingola) is a retired male track and field athlete from Zambia, who competed mainly in 400 metres hurdles. Noted for his exceptionally fast finish, he was one of the world’s leading hurdlers in the early 1990s, and became the first Zambian track and field world champion in 1991. This was the first time that an African athlete had won that event. He represented Zambia in the 400 m hurdles on four occasions (1988 to 2000) and was the silver medallist at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics.
His personal best of 47.10 seconds, achieved during the Weltklasse Zürich in 1991, is the current African record and ranks fourth on the all-time list.
|1988||World Junior Championships||Sudbury, Canada||5th (h)||400 m||46.88|
|5th||400 m hurdles||51.70|
|Olympic Games||Seoul, South Korea||26th (h)||400 m hurdles||51.06|
|1991||World Championships||Tokyo, Japan||1st||400 m hurdles||47.64|
|1992||Olympic Games||Barcelona, Spain||24th (h)||400 m hurdles||49.89|
|World Cup||Havana, Cuba||1st||400 m hurdles||48.88|
|1st||4 × 400 m relay||3:02.14|
|1993||Universiade||Buffalo, United States||4th||400 m hurdles||50.31|
|World Championships||Stuttgart, Germany||2nd||400 m hurdles||47.60|
|1994||Commonwealth Games||Victoria, Canada||1st||400 m hurdles||48.67|
|Goodwill Games||St. Petersburg, Russia||2nd||400 m hurdles||47.98|
|World Cup||London, United Kingdom||1st||400 m hurdles||48.77|
|1st||4 × 400 m relay||3:02.66|
|1995||World Championships||Gothenburg, Sweden||2nd||400 m hurdles||48.03|
|1996||Olympic Games||Atlanta, United States||2nd||400 m hurdles||47.78|
|1997||World Championships||Athens, Greece||5th||400 m hurdles||48.11|
|1998||Goodwill Games||Uniondale, United States||7th||400 m hurdles||48.96|
|African Championships||Dakar, Senegal||1st||400 m hurdles||48.58|
|World Cup||Johannesburg, South Africa||1st||400 m hurdles||48.08|
|1999||World Championships||Seville, Spain||12th (sf)||400 m hurdles||49.28|
|2000||Olympic Games||Sydney, Australia||10th (sf)||400 m hurdles||48.98|
Sources : Wikipedia
Brimin Kipruto (born 31 July 1985) is a Kenyan middle distance runner who specialises in the 3000 metres steeplechase. He was born in Korkitony, Keiyo District. He holds a personal best of 7:53.64 minutes which is the second fastest time ever run, and the African Record. His personal best is only .01 of a second behind the world record of former county mate Saif Saaeed Shaheen, who switched national affiliation to Qatar after growing up as Stephen Cherono in the Keiyo District.
He won a silver medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics at the age of nineteen and improved to win the gold medal at the 2008 Beijing Olympics four years later. A World Championships bronze medallist in 2005, he took his first global title in the steeplechase with a win at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics
At the 2001 World Youth Championships in Athletics in Debrecen, Hungary he finished second in steeplechase. He graduated from Kipsoen Secondary School in 2003. The same year he competed at the African Junior Championships in Cameroon and took silver again. At the 2004 World Junior Championships in Athletics he competed in 1500 instead of steeplechase and finished third.
In 2004, having finished 2nd at the Kenyan Olympic trials, the young Kipruto won the silver medal in the 3000 m steeplechase at the 2004 Olympic Games. In the 2005 World Championships in Helsinki he won a bronze medal in the same event. He finished third again at the 2005 IAAF World Athletics Final. In 2006 he finished sixth at the World Athletics Final, repeating his place from 2004.
In 2007, he won the gold medal in the steeplechase at the World Championships, in Osaka. After qualifying to the 2008 Beijing Olympics, Kipruto finally won the gold medal at the same event. At the 2009 World Championships, the defending champion finished only seventh.
He took two wins on the 2010 IAAF Diamond League circuit, finishing in first place at the Athletissima and Meeting Areva, but it was Kenyan rival Paul Kipsiele Koech who went on to win the inaugural Diamond League trophy in the steeplechase. He entered the 2010 Commonwealth Games with the fastest mark of the year (8:00.90), but could only manage third place behind Richard Mateelong and Ezekiel Kemboi as part of a Kenyan medal sweep.
He competed in the short race at the Great Edinburgh Cross Country and finished in third place behind Eliud Kipchoge and Asbel Kiprop.
He lives in Korkitony and trains with the Global Sports group in Kaptagat near Eldoret under coaches Patrick Sang and Joseph Chelimo.
|2001||World Youth Championships||Debrecen, Hungary||2nd||2000 m steeple||5:36.81|
|2003||African Junior Championships||Garoua, Cameroon||2nd||3000 m s’chase||8:46.74|
|2004||World Junior Championships||Grosseto, Italy||3rd||1500m||3:35.96|
|Olympic Games||Athens, Greece||2nd||3000 m s’chase||8:06.11|
|World Athletics Final||Monte Carlo, Monaco||6th||3000 m s’chase||8:16.45|
|2005||World Cross Country Championships||St Etienne, France||37th||Short race (4.196 km)||12:26|
|World Championships||Helsinki, Finland||3rd||3000 m s’chase||8:15.30|
|World Athletics Final||Monte Carlo, Monaco||3rd||3000 m s’chase||8:09.20|
|2006||World Cross Country Championships||Fukuoka, Japan||18th||Short race (4 km)||11:17|
|World Athletics Final||Stuttgart, Germany||6th||3000 m s’chase||8:20.05|
|2007||World Championships||Osaka, Japan||1st||3000 m s’chase||8:13.82|
|World Athletics Final||Stuttgart, Germany||3rd||3000 m s’chase||8:11.05|
|2008||Olympic Games||Beijing, China||1st||3000 m s’chase||8:10.34|
|World Athletics Final||Stuttgart, Germany||9th||3000 m s’chase||8:29.11|
|2009||World Championships||Berlin, Germany||7th||3000 m s’chase||8:12.61|
|World Athletics Final||Thessaloniki, Greece||6th||3000 m s’chase||8:16.44|
|2012||Olympic Games||London, Great Britain||5th||3000 m s’chase||8:23.03|
|2015||World Championships||Beijing, China||3rd||3000 m s’chase||8:12.54|
Sources : Wikipedia
Saïd Aouita (Arabic: سعيد عويطة; born November 2, 1959) is a former Moroccan track and field athlete. He won the 5000 meters at the 1984 Summer Olympics and the 1987 World Championships in Athletics, as well as the 3000 meters at the 1989 IAAF World Indoor Championships. He is a former world record holder over 1500 metres (3:29.45 minutes), 2000 m (4:50.80), 3000 m (7:29.46), and twice at 5000 m (13:00.40 and 12:58.39). Aouita was one of the first globally known Arab sportspeople. He lives in Orlando, Florida.
Saïd Aouita was born on November 2, 1959 in Kenitra, a coastal Moroccan city. Nine years later, he moved along with his family to Fes due to the nature of his father’s work. As a child he spent most of his time playing football and wanted to be a great footballer; however, his outstanding skills in running made his coaches foresee a great future in track and field.
Aouita had his first start towards stardom at the 1983 World Championships in Athletics held in Helsinki. He contested the 1500 m and finished third in the final, taking the bronze medal, after the pace slowed in the last 1000 meters and then finished with a sprint.
In 1984, Aouita decided to run the 5000 m at the 1984 Summer Olympics. Antonio Leitão from Portugal ran in first for the majority of the race. Aouita stayed behind Leitão and then sprinted past him on the last lap to win.
1985 was a record-breaking year for Aouita. He ran two world records: first in 5000 m (13:00.40) in Oslo on the 27 July, then in 1500 m (3:29.46) on the 23 August.
In 1986 he missed setting the world record in the 3000 m by 0.44 of a second.
In 1987, Aouita’s main objective was to excel in the world championship held in Rome and break records. First, he broke the 2000 m world record with a time of 4:50.81 in Paris and only six days later, he surprised the world by breaking his own world record for 5000 m, becoming the first man to go under 13 minutes, with a time of 12:58.39 minutes. For the 1987 World Championships in Athletics, Aouita decided just to contest the 5000 m. In the 5000 m final, John Ngugi from Kenya set a fair pace, but by no means fast. Aouita, always in control of the race, made his move just before the bell, leading a mass sprint for the finish that he won in 13:26.44.
In 1988, at the 1988 Summer Olympics, he attempted to race in the 800 m and 1500 m but had a hamstring injury which made him finish third in 800 m and withdraw from the 1500 m although he had qualified for the semi-final. In spite of that his bronze medal made him the only athlete in history to combine medals at both 800 m and 5000 m.
In 1989, Aouita won the 3000 m at the 1989 IAAF World Indoor Championships in Budapest. Alter that year, he broke the world record for the same distance in Köln, Germany with the time of 7:29.45 and thus, he was the first man in history to go under 7:30:00.
Aouita was a versatile middle and long distance runner, excelling at distances between 800 m and 10,000 m during the eighties. He raced and won against the Olympic champions Joaquim Cruz (800 m), Peter Rono (1500 m), John Ngugi (5000 m) and Alberto Cova (10000 m) over their respective main distances. Between September 1983 and September 1990 he won 115 of his 119 races. The defeats were against world champion Steve Cram over 1500 m, Olympic bronze medalist Alessandro Lambruschini over 3000 m steeplechase, Olympic champions Joaquim Cruz and Paul Ereng over 800 m and world champion Yobes Ondieki over 5000 m.
In the early nineties, Aouita underwent surgery on his leg, after which his doctors advised him to put an end to his career as an athlete for his health. After a set of failures in a number of races he decided to quit athletics.
Said Aouita married Khadija Skhir in 1983, one year before the 1984 Olympic Games. Khadija Skhir is Said Aouita’s biggest supporter, and together they have four children: one son, Adil, and three daughters; Soukaina, Sarah, and Zeena. The two eldest daughters, Soukaina and Sarah, were both named by the king of Morocco, Hassan II. Said Aouita’s wife, Khadija Skhir is equally interested in sports as she holds a 3rd degree black belt in Taekwondo. Aouita’s two eldest daughters are both in the medical field, his son, Adil, is a film director and producer, and his youngest daughter, Zeena, is in the music field of singing and songwriting.
After his athletics career ended, Aouita worked with mixed success as a consultant for numerous sport institutions, as Technical National Manager in Morocco, and National Distance Coach in Australia thanks not only to his fruitful field experience, but also to his academic competences. Now, Aouita is working as Senior Analyst for Al Jazeera Sports channel. Aouita also has a sports clothing company which was established in 2009.
Aouita has a Bachelor of Science Degree in Management and Masters Degree in Business Administration. He is pursuing a doctorate in Sport Management and Leadership. His subject of concern is a model for elite athletic achievement in Olympics. He is interested in the impact of sport business and coaching young athletes to one day be Olympic champions.
|1980||Islamic Games||Izmir, Turkey||1st||800 m|
|1981||World Student Games||Bucharest, Romania||1st||1500 m||GR|
|1982||African Championships||Cairo, Egypt||3rd||800 m|
|1983||Mediterranean Games||Casablanca, Morocco||1st||800 m|
|World Championships||Helsinki, Finland||3rd||1500 m|
|1984||Olympic Games||Los Angeles, United States||1st||5000 m||OR|
|African Championships||Rabat, Morocco||1st||1500 m|
|1985||Pan Arab Games||Casablanca, Morocco||1st||1500 m|
|1987||Mediterranean Games||Latakia, Syria||1st||1500 m|
|2nd||3000 m steeplechase|
|World Championships||Rome, Italy||1st||5000 m|
|1988||Olympic Games||Seoul, South Korea||3rd||800 m|
|1989||World Indoor Championships||Budapest, Hungary||1st||3000 m|
|Jeux de la Francophonie||Casablanca, Morocco||1st||5000 m|
|IAAF World Cup||Barcelona, Spain||1st||5000 m|
|1991||World Championships||Tokyo, Japan||11th||1500 m||Injured|
Françoise Mbango Etone (born 14 April 1976 in Yaoundé) is a Cameroonian-born female track and field athlete. She has competed internationally for France since 2010. While competing for Cameroon, Etone was a gold medalist in the triple jump at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, Greece. She retained her title with an Olympic record distance of 15.39m at the Beijing Olympics in 2008.
She is also a talented long jumper who finished second at the African Championships in 1999 (6.55 m). She is the first athlete representing Cameroon to win medals at the World Championships, Commonwealth Games and Olympic Games. She has been a scholarship holder with the Olympic Solidarity program since November 2002.
During the 2005–06 academic year, she lived in New York City on a scholarship to attend St. John’s University in Queens. The scholarship was made possible through the collaboration of the American electricity company AES Sonel along with US Ambassador to Cameroon, Niels Marquardt. She selected St. John’s University for study (along with her younger sister, Berthe) because of the school’s support of cultural programs in Cameroon.
Source : wikipedia
Frank “Frankie” Fredericks (born 2 October 1967) is a former track and field athlete from Namibia. Running in the 100 metres and 200 metres, he won four silver medals at the Olympic Games (two in 1992 and two in 1996), making him Namibia’s first and so far only Olympic medalist. He also won gold medals at the World Championships, World Indoor Championships, All-Africa Games and Commonwealth Games. He is the world indoor record-holder for 200 metres, with a time of 19.92 seconds set in 1996.
Fredericks has broken 20 seconds for the 200 metres 24 times. He also holds the third-fastest non-winning time for the 200 metres. In August 1996, Fredericks ran 19.68 seconds in the Olympic final in Atlanta, Georgia.
He is also the oldest man to have broken 20 seconds for the 200 metres. On 12 July 2002 in Rome, Fredericks won the 200 metres in a time of 19.99 seconds at the age of 34 years 283 days.
Born in Windhoek, Frankie Fredericks was awarded a scholarship at Brigham Young University in the US in 1987. (Though he is not a Mormon, he enjoyed the religious classes at BYU.) During his college career, Fredericks earned numerous All-American citations and won three NCAA championships. In 1990, after his country had become independent of South Africa, Fredericks could participate in international competition. At the World Championships that year, Fredericks won a silver medal in the 200 m, finishing behind Michael Johnson, and placed 5th in the 100 m.
The following year, at the Barcelona 1992 Summer Olympics, Fredericks became Namibia’s first Olympic medalist when he finished second in both the 100 m and 200 m. In 1993, in Stuttgart, he became the nation’s first World Champion, winning the 200 m.
In the 1994 Commonwealth Games, he won gold in the 200 m and bronze in the 100 m. His time of 19.97 seconds in the 200 metres is the current Commonwealth Games record.
In the 1995 World Championships 100 m, after crossing the line he immediately went to help his friend Linford Christie who pulled a muscle in the race and signalled for help. This act of kindness endeared him to many (particularly British) athletics fans.
For the 1996 Summer Olympics, Fredericks was among the title favourites for both the 100 m and 200 m. He reached both finals, and again finished second in both. In the 100 m, he was beaten by Donovan Bailey, who set a new World Record, and in the 200 m he was beaten by Michael Johnson, who also set a new World Record. At the time, Fredericks’s second-place run was the third fastest run in history, beaten only by Johnson (twice).
In the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Frankie once again missed out on the chance of gold in the 100 m; he was beaten by Ato Boldon ofTrinidad and Tobago.
Suffering from injuries, Fredericks had to withdraw from the 1999 and 2001 World Championships and the 2000 Summer Olympics. In the 200 m final at the 2004 Summer Olympics he finished 4th.
Fredericks won the 200 m at the inaugural Afro-Asian Games in 2003.
After the end of 2004 outdoor season, Fredericks retired from competition. Also in 2004 he became a member of the International Olympic Committee.
He has run the 100 m under 10 seconds 27 times, number seven on the all-time list.
Frankie Fredericks is today a member of the ‘Champions for Peace’ club, a group of 54 famous elite athletes committed to serving peace in the world through sport, created by Peace and Sport, a Monaco-based international organisation.
He became a member of the International Olympic Committee in 2012.
Sources : wikipedia
Chad Guy Bertrand le Clos, OIS (born 12 April 1992) is a South African swimmer who is an Olympic, World and Commonwealth Games champion as well as the Commonwealth record holder in the 50 and 100-metre butterfly. He won gold in the 200-metre butterfly and silver in the 100-metre butterfly in the 2012 Olympics in London. He also won five medals at the 2010 Summer Youth Olympics in Singapore. Le Clos has twice won the Overall Swimming World Cup: 2011 and 2013.
Le Clos was born to a Mauritian father and South African mother. He attended Westville Boys’ High School in Durban, South Africa, matriculating in 2010. He has been swimming from a very young age, and when he started competing at the age of 10 he already had a few years of training under his belt.
He was conferred the silver Order of Ikhamanga on 27 April 2013 in absentia. In a statement by the Chairperson of the National Orders Advisory Council, Dr. Cassius Lubisi, le Clos was conferred the honour “For his excellent achievements on the international swimming stage, especially at the London Olympics in 2012, thus placing South Africa in high standing globally in the field of Aquatic sports.”
He was also announced as the KZN Newsmaker of the Year 2013 at the Durban City Hall on 9 October 2013. The event was hosted by the Durban University of Technology, the City of Durban, and the DUT Journalism Advisory Board. Radio personality Alan Khan was the programme director. Le Clos was not present to receive his award as he was swimming in Moscow. His father, Bert le Clos, received the honour on le Clos’ behalf.
Le Clos won the Daily News SPAR Sports Person of the Year in 2010 in which the top school sportsmen are nominated.
At the Commonwealth Games in New Delhi, India Le Clos collected 2 gold, 1 silver and 2 bronze medals. He won the titles in the 200-metre butterfly and the 400-metre individual medley, breaking the Games recordin both events. At the World Short Course Championships in Dubai, Le Clos won the gold medal in the 200-metre butterfly. He narrowly beat Brazilian Kaio de Almeida, the world record holder, by 0.05 of a second, and Hungarian László Cseh, the 2008 Olympic silver medalist, by 0.11 of a second.
At the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai, he finished fifth in the 200-metre butterfly, 13th in the 100-metre butterfly and 10th in the 4×100m medley relay with his teammates.
On the first day of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London Le Clos finished fifth in the 400-metre individual medley. On the fourth day, Le Clos won the gold medal in the 200-metre butterfly in 1min 52.96 sec, edging out the two-time defending olympic champion and world record holder, Michael Phelps, by 0.05 seconds. Le Clos had stated before the games, in personal information given to the media, that his sporting hero is Michael Phelps, and that beating his hero was totally unexpected. The next day Le Clos qualified for the final of the 200-metre individual medley by swimming the (tied) seventh time in the semi-finals, but he withdrew to focus on the 100-metre butterfly. On the seventh day of the competition Le Clos won the silver medal in the 100-metre butterfly, tied with Yevgeny Korotyshkin in a time of 51.44 sec, at 0.23 sec behind Phelps.
In the course of the 2012 Games, Chad’s father, Bert le Clos, became an instant media personality as a result of being interviewed on British television about his son’s achievement of winning a gold medal.
After his Olympic success, Chad came into the World Championships as a threat. This year however, Le Clos shortened his program, deciding to only take part in the butterfly events. In his first event, the 50-metre butterfly, Chad came 23rd in a time of 23.76, unable to advance to the semi-finals. In his signature event, the 200-metre butterfly after easily breezing into the final he followed his win from the Olympics, where he won with a 1:54.32. He finished off his schedule by winning the 100-metre fly with a new national record of 51.06, ending the championships on a good note.
Sources : wikipedia